Insurance is integral to any business because it minimizes risk. Businesses could find themselves amidst a lawsuit, a disaster, or unable to operate because of events beyond their control. When risks become reality, they are costly and most companies do not have the resources to manage them. Here are 6 business insurance "must-haves" to ensure your company weathers serious threats and continues to prosper.

1. Commercial General Liability Insurance

Legal experts say most businesses are sued at least once, even when they follow best practices. Commercial general liability insurance protects your business from the repercussions of liability due to your business’ negligence. This term refers to the failure to exercise the required amount of care to prevent injury to others, such as a customer, an employee, or even an innocent bystander, due to the actions, services or products of your business.

For example, if a truck driver strikes another vehicle and injures a passenger in part because the company scheduled him to work 60 hours that week, that may be construed as company negligence. It could be said the company overworked the driver, which created an unsafe situation. If someone sues your business, general liability insurance kicks in to cover legal fees, medical expenses, settlements, judgments or appeals. It also protects your business against libel and slander.

In addition, you need liability insurance for another reason. Some clients may not work with your company unless you have it. They do not want to rely on a company that may not be able to deliver because of a lawsuit.

2. Business Interruption Insurance

Disasters befall many businesses. Water tanks burst, structures weaken and personnel make costly mistakes. Furthermore, flash floods, tornados, hurricanes and fire can unexpectedly shut down a business too. They can wipe out stock, ruin equipment and even topple buildings. Although commercial property insurance pays to fix or replace equipment, buildings and your inventory, it does not cover the money lost because you cannot continue operations. If your building is under three feet of water, or every piece of specialized machinery needs replacement, it could take months to start up again.

You could lose valuable staff members because they can’t afford to stick around once their paycheck stops coming. As time drags on, customers will need to look for another company to supply them with what they need. Without the proper insurance, your business finances could stretch to the breaking point.

Business interruption insurance provides you with funds to compensate for your loss of income immediately after a forced shutdown and while your business cannot operate. This income includes your net loss, your operating expenses and your payroll. It pays your mortgage payments, utilities, and taxes even though your business has temporarily ground to a halt. Business interruption insurance is especially important for if you carry a substantial amount of stock or you need specialized premises to operate.

3. Commercial Property Insurance

Commercial property insurance protects business property from loss or damage. Environmental forces, such as hail, lightning, fire, smoke and wind, can strike quickly and harshly. Other threats like vandalism, theft and civil disobedience may wipe out operations if you lack coverage.

Two basic types of commercial property insurance exist: named peril and all-risk. Named peril insurance policies only cover the specific risks listed in the policy. Earthquake and flood insurance are two examples. They are less expensive, and the insured must prove that the peril caused the damage. On the other hand, most commercial property insurance policies are all-risk policies. They cover any risk, except those listed as exclusions in the policy. Common exclusions are war, earthquake, flood or sewer backup, seepage, boiler explosion, governmental restrictions or interventions, as well as ordinary wear and tear. As these policies include most damage, insurance companies must prove that damage is due to exclusion to avoid a paying out a claim.

4. Commercial Auto Insurance

Commercial auto insurance protects your employees, equipment and products if drivers have collisions or damage company vehicles. If your employees drive their own vehicles while doing business for the company, you need non-owned auto liability insurance. This protects you if the driver does not have insurance or their coverage is inadequate.

5. Workers' Compensation

According to law, businesses with employees must carry workers' compensation insurance. You have the option of obtaining coverage yourself, or you can buy it through your state insurance program. This insurance provides medical benefits and wage replacement to employees if they are injured while working, and it provides you with peace of mind. Employees receiving benefits under workers' compensation insurance cannot sue so you avoid legal expenses and complications.

6. Data Breach

You might be surprised to see this on the "must-have" list, but times have changed. A serious threat to any business, hacking isn't restricted to information either. While hackers tend to focus on companies that store private or sensitive information, they also hack money. Indeed, in recent years hackers breached the security of Adobe, eBay, Target and even JP Morgan Chase. Ryanair, a U.K. budget airline, lost $5 million because of hackers.

U.S. data giant Intel estimates the annual cost of cybercrime at between $375 and $575 billion globally, including what criminals take and the cost to companies. Cybercrime is on the rise as returns are great, and risks are low. A data breach policy is a low-cost way to protect against electronic and paper file breach.


These 6 forms of insurance will protect you against the most common business risks. You can also buy a business owner’s policy (BOP) that bundles many of these policies into one at a lower cost. Don’t be left in a lurch without the coverage your business needs. Discuss your business needs with your agent or broker and look for tailored insurance coverage.